Oral Orthopedics Appliances
Oral appliances have been used extensively as alternative since 1970’s to help the normal growing of the maxillary and the mandible. Mandibular retrognathia is a common cause of temporomandibular joint disorders. In this condition, a misalignment of the mandible and maxilla forces the mandible backwards into the temporomandibular joint and causes a mechanical strain which can result in dislocation of the joint or degeneration of the muscles protecting the joint.
Therefore it is important to diagnose and make a treatment during childhood. There are orthopedic appliance for correction of: Class II malocclusions Class III malocclusions. malocclusions with posterior crossbites Malocclusions with anterior crossbites It will be better to make a treatment to children between 8 and 11 years than older.
There are many examples of preventive and interceptive orthodontic strategies that are too numerous to mention. However, it is important to remember three things when considering preventive/interceptive care:
- timing of preventive/interceptive treatment is critical
- a thorough knowledge of craniofacial growth and development is necessary
- the proposed treatment should be of benefit when the permanent teeth are erupted